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Thomas  Atwood

Thomas Atwood

Male 1823 - Aft 1882  (58 years)

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  • Name Thomas Atwood  [1, 2, 3, 4
    • Several Atwood family researchers maintain that Thomas' middle name was Jefferson. I have not seen this name in any record. If anyone has a source for this, please contact me.
    Born 20 Nov 1823  Lincoln County, Tennessee Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • The date and location of birth are from Family Data Collection of Births on ancestry.com; the exact date of his birth is NOT otherwise sourced by me; year of birth is confirmed by headstone
    Gender Male 
    Census 1840  Pulaski County, Missouri Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Father William James Atwood is head of house; Thomas would have been about 17 years old. Father has in the home:
    Free White Males: 15-19: 2 (Thomas and George Washington) 
    Residence 1850 
    Where is Thomas Atwood in 1850?
    His wife Matilda Hough Atwood is in Laclede County, Missouri living with her parents. With her are her two Pennell sons and William Payton Atwood. Also nearby are Thomas' parents William James Atwood and Elizabeth Ann Miles and family.
    Thomas cannot be found in this census period.
    Thomas' brothers George Washington Atwood and William Francis Atwood can both be found in Mariposa County, California. They presumably headed out west during the gold rush. It appears George and his brother William, were living in a boarding house, along with several other former residents of Tennessee. According to George's obituary, they were in California for three years. Wondering if Thomas was in California as well and was missed in the census?  
    Real Estate 15 Apr 1853  Laclede County, Missouri Find all individuals with events at this location  [5
    U.S. General Land Office Records, 1796-1907: Thomas Atwood; 40 acres 
    Arrival Aft 15 Apr 1853  Texas Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Moved from Missouri to Texas sometime during this time period. 
    Thomas Atwood and William Francis Atwood
    Thomas Atwood and William Francis Atwood
    Gone to Texas - Photo is courtesy of Regina Flo Senter Pinto. Her notes: "Copy of this photo was sent to me back in 1999 from Deputy West of Hillsboro, Texas. He said it was a photo of the Atwood family in transit from Missouri to Texas. There were no names...just labeled Atwood Round-up."
    Notes from Judy Curbow: I am attaching this photo to…
    Tax Roll 1855  Bell County, Texas Find all individuals with events at this location  [6
    There is a Thomas Atwood listed in the tax rolls - is this our Thomas? 
    Tax Roll 1860  Bell County, Texas Find all individuals with events at this location  [7
    Texas, County Tax Rolls, 1846-1910 - Is this our Thomas Atwood?  
    Census 7 Aug 1860  Erath County, Texas Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Indexed as "Thomas," age 37 born Alabama, farmer who owns $100 in property and $855 in personal property; Living with wife Matilda, 35, step-son "White Pinon," (Willey Pinnell), age 14; sons William, 10; Columbus, 8; and Ashford, 3; Matilda's mother, Elizabeth Hough lives next door. A William Hough lives on the other side. His relationship to Thomas Atwood and Matilda Hough Atwood in not known at this time.  
    Military 1862-1864  Texas Find all individuals with events at this location 
    It may be possible that Thomas Atwood was a Civil War soldier; however, this is NOT proven to date:
    Thomas Atwood, Co. I, Texas Infantry; Enlisted as a Private; Discharged as a Sergeant; Capt. Hillery M. Bouldin's Company, Allen's Reg't, Texas Infantry.
    This Thomas Atwood was 39 at enlistment placing his birth year at 1823 - which matches "our" Thomas Atwood.)
    MUSTER CARD: 4/11/1882 through 6/30/1862: Enrolled 3/24/186__ in Belton by T. A. Supple; Mustered into service 4/11/186__ at Camp Terry by R. T. P. Allen. Notes on the muster card indicate that he received no pay.
    MUSTER CARD: T. Atwood; Pvt., age 39; Sept/Oct 1862 - enlisted 3 years or during war; miles to rendezvous - 68; he was counted as present.
    REPORT OF ABSENTEES: Thomas Atwood, Camp _ano, Johnson County, Texas, January 24, 1864: As of Nov. 21, 1863 - "Deserted and gone to parts unknown."
    I believe this to be our Thomas Atwood - however, more research is needed.  
    Thomas Atwood
    Thomas Atwood
    Civil War Muster Card
    Military 1 Feb 1864  Hamilton, Hamilton County, Texas Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Enlistment - Company for the Second Frontier District; Enlisting and commanding officer was Capt. James M. Rice, under Major George B. Erath (for whom Erath County, Texas was named). The mustering officers were Capt. Rice and Capt. H. Secrest. Thomas was never paid for his service; however, the muster roll bears the signatures of those due pay for service. Further the record contains one muster roll dated February 1, 1864; and one pay record dated 31 January to 1 June 1864. The records were transferred to Brown County on June 15, 1864. Thomas served 24 days at $2.00 per day and was due $48.00. His brother William enlisted into the same company on the same day.
    This Frontier District Company was created primarily for the citizen protection from Indians. The Second Frontier District encompassed an area between the Brazos and the Colorado Rivers - headquartered in Gatesville. The Frontier Company not only provided protection against Indian incursions, but also enforced Confederate conscription, rounded up deserters and provided protection to settlers from renegades and bandits.
    Notes from Jett Hanna: "The Frontier battalion became the 20th Battalion Texas Troops. The muster point was Hamilton, which is one county away from Erath and from Johnson County, where Thomas's brother William lived. This unit was...interesting. As I understand it, they were formed from going around finding able bodied men who had not yet served, and a lot of them didn't want to serve. One history I read said that a fair number of the people were from the midwest and were not pro-slavery. This looks like it fits with the Thomas Atwood from Erath (my ancestor) as he was from LaClede County, Missouri (northern Ozarks) which was mostly sympathetic to the union, though not inclined to volunteer to fight. The 20th Texas Troops record for Thomas Atwood has the notation "deserted, gone to parts unknown" in 1864. The family story is that this Thomas Atwood and his family took a trip to Mexico about 1864, which would match with that, and that grandma died on the way back and was buried near Uvalde. Ben McCulloch was involved in getting this battalion up and running. He felt like if they weren't going to fight Yankees, the least they could do was guard against Comanche attacks, and that's my understanding of what the 20th did." 
    Thomas Atwood
    Thomas Atwood
    Service Records from Company for the Second Frontier District
    Real Estate 11 Jan 1869  Bell County, Texas Find all individuals with events at this location  [8
    Is this our Thomas Atwood?
    Texas, Land Title Abstracts: Grantee: Jeremiah Nabours; Certificate 53; Patentee: Thomas Atwood; 269 acres Milam District; Bell County; File 1421; Patent #414; Patent Volume 37; Class Mil 3rd 
    Census 24 Sep 1870  Hays County, Texas Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Living in Precinct 1, Hays County, Texas: Indexed "Thomas Attwood," 48 born 1822 in Tennessee, farmer; Wife Matilda has died; Living with sons William, 20; Columbus, 18; and Ashford, 14; Living near brother William Atwood and family.  
    Residence 20 Nov 1874  Blanco County, Texas Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Thomas filed a Mark and Brand with the Blanco County Clerk's Office  
    Thomas Atwood
    Thomas Atwood
    Mark and Brand filed with Blanco County Clerk's Office
    Census Jun 1880  Callahan County, Texas Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Living in Precinct 3; Indexed as "Tho's," age 58 born 1822 in Alabama, widower, farming and stock; Living with son Russell C., 27, farmer and daughter-in-law Amanda, 27 and grandchildren: Matilda, 5; Eugene, 2; Lafayette, 1; and Arthur, 2 mos; Brother William Atwood and family are nearby. 
    Residence 12 May 1882  Roswell, Chaves County, New Mexico Find all individuals with events at this location 
    In 1882 Roswell was part of Lincoln County, New Mexico; Thomas was there based on letter written to his son Russell Columbus Atwood 
    Atwood Letter dated 12 May 1882
    Atwood Letter dated 12 May 1882
    Text of Letter written from father Thomas Atwood to Son Russell Columbus Atwood
    Died After 12 May 1882  Pflugerville, Travis County, Texas Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Age: 58 
    • Year confirmed by tombstone; Thomas was still alive 12 May 1882 when he wrote letter to son R. C. Atwood from Roswell, New Mexico.

      On Jan. 20, 1955, Thomas' grandson, John Ashford Atwood wrote: "My grandfather died at our home in Williamson County, Texas in 1882 about six miles southeast of Round Rock on the Carrington Ranch and is buried in the Round Rock Cemetery."

      On October 2, 1955, Thomas' grandson, John Ashford Atwood wrote a letter stating: "...this is where Grandfather Atwood died in the spring of 1882 and buried in the Round Rock Cemetery."

      Note: The Carrington Ranch was on what is now known as Bohl's Place in Pflugerville, Travis County, Texas.
    Buried Round Rock, Williamson County, Texas Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • Round Rock Cemetery
    Thomas Atwood
    Thomas Atwood
    Headstone
    Notes 
    • Excerpt of letter written to Wanda Atwood Keith from Louise Jones Bartz (this is Flora Louise Jones, daughter of Manda Elizabeth Atwood) dated April 17, 1989:
      Gerald Atwood's daughter-in-law has made a study of the Atwood family - and has sent me much information about it - especially Grandfather Atwood's family. Our great grandfather Atwood, Thomas, lived here near Leander, and is buried at Round Rock - the cemetery where the notorious bandit Sam Bass is buried. That is not too far from where I live now. Uncle John (John Ashford Atwood) told stories of when he was a small boy, how he and Grandfather were at the general store buying him new boots the day Sam Bass was shot at the bank robbery across the street."
    Person ID P255  Curbow Montoya Family | Atwood Family Branch, Curbow Family Branch
    Last Modified 24 May 2015 

    Father William James Atwood,   b. 24 Aug 1792, North Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 17 Apr 1861, Osage, Laclede County, Missouri Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 68 years) 
    Mother Elizabeth Ann Miles,   b. 2 Apr 1794, Fairfield District, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F496  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Matilda Hough,   b. 1826, White Oak Township, Highland County, Ohio Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1864, Uvalde, Uvalde County, Texas Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 38 years) 
    Married 1848  Laclede County, Missouri Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • Date and location are ESTIMATES based on where the family was located and the year of the first child's birth and oral family histories.

      From the notes of Atwood researcher Lindsey Troublefield: As a young man, Thomas Atwood moved to Columbia, Missouri where he lived around 1845 or 1846. While on a trip to Herman, Missouri, he met Matilda (Hough/Huff) Pinnell, the widow of William Pinnell and the mother of two small sons, Benjamin & Wiley. Matilda moved to Herman, Missouri after marrying William Pinnell. William was killed by Indians in January of 1843* at Toby's Landing near Jefferson City, Missouri. Thomas and Matilda moved to South Central Texas (Williamson County) about the year 1848.

      *These dates don't jive - second son Wiley was born after 1843.

    Children 
    +1. William Payton Atwood,   b. 25 Jul 1849, Laclede County, Missouri Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 17 Oct 1917, Cross Plains, Callahan County, Texas Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 68 years)
    +2. Russell Columbus Atwood,   b. 12 Apr 1853, Laclede County, Missouri Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 23 Jun 1919, Pioneer, Eastland County, Texas Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 66 years)
     3. Joseph Ashford Atwood,   b. 26 Aug 1856, Laclede County, Missouri Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 30 Nov. 1921, Oplin, Callahan County, Texas Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 65 years)
    Last Modified 25 Jun 2011 16:29:03 
    Family ID F39  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 20 Nov 1823 - Lincoln County, Tennessee Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCensus - Father William James Atwood is head of house; Thomas would have been about 17 years old. Father has in the home: Free White Males: 15-19: 2 (Thomas and George Washington) - 1840 - Pulaski County, Missouri Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 1848 - Laclede County, Missouri Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsReal Estate - U.S. General Land Office Records, 1796-1907: Thomas Atwood; 40 acres - 15 Apr 1853 - Laclede County, Missouri Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsArrival - Moved from Missouri to Texas sometime during this time period. - Aft 15 Apr 1853 - Texas Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsTax Roll - There is a Thomas Atwood listed in the tax rolls - is this our Thomas? - 1855 - Bell County, Texas Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsTax Roll - Texas, County Tax Rolls, 1846-1910 - Is this our Thomas Atwood? - 1860 - Bell County, Texas Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCensus - Indexed as "Thomas," age 37 born Alabama, farmer who owns $100 in property and $855 in personal property; Living with wife Matilda, 35, step-son "White Pinon," (Willey Pinnell), age 14; sons William, 10; Columbus, 8; and Ashford, 3; Matilda's mother, Elizabeth Hough lives next door. A William Hough lives on the other side. His relationship to Thomas Atwood and Matilda Hough Atwood in not known at this time. - 7 Aug 1860 - Erath County, Texas Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMilitary - It may be possible that Thomas Atwood was a Civil War soldier; however, this is NOT proven to date: Thomas Atwood, Co. I, Texas Infantry; Enlisted as a Private; Discharged as a Sergeant; Capt. Hillery M. Bouldin's Company, Allen's Reg't, Texas Infantry. This Thomas Atwood was 39 at enlistment placing his birth year at 1823 - which matches "our" Thomas Atwood.) MUSTER CARD: 4/11/1882 through 6/30/1862: Enrolled 3/24/186__ in Belton by T. A. Supple; Mustered into service 4/11/186__ at Camp Terry by R. T. P. Allen. Notes on the muster card indicate that he received no pay. MUSTER CARD: T. Atwood; Pvt., age 39; Sept/Oct 1862 - enlisted 3 years or during war; miles to rendezvous - 68; he was counted as present. REPORT OF ABSENTEES: Thomas Atwood, Camp _ano, Johnson County, Texas, January 24, 1864: As of Nov. 21, 1863 - "Deserted and gone to parts unknown." I believe this to be our Thomas Atwood - however, more research is needed. - 1862-1864 - Texas Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMilitary - Enlistment - Company for the Second Frontier District; Enlisting and commanding officer was Capt. James M. Rice, under Major George B. Erath (for whom Erath County, Texas was named). The mustering officers were Capt. Rice and Capt. H. Secrest. Thomas was never paid for his service; however, the muster roll bears the signatures of those due pay for service. Further the record contains one muster roll dated February 1, 1864; and one pay record dated 31 January to 1 June 1864. The records were transferred to Brown County on June 15, 1864. Thomas served 24 days at $2.00 per day and was due $48.00. His brother William enlisted into the same company on the same day. This Frontier District Company was created primarily for the citizen protection from Indians. The Second Frontier District encompassed an area between the Brazos and the Colorado Rivers - headquartered in Gatesville. The Frontier Company not only provided protection against Indian incursions, but also enforced Confederate conscription, rounded up deserters and provided protection to settlers from renegades and bandits. Notes from Jett Hanna: "The Frontier battalion became the 20th Battalion Texas Troops. The muster point was Hamilton, which is one county away from Erath and from Johnson County, where Thomas's brother William lived. This unit was...interesting. As I understand it, they were formed from going around finding able bodied men who had not yet served, and a lot of them didn't want to serve. One history I read said that a fair number of the people were from the midwest and were not pro-slavery. This looks like it fits with the Thomas Atwood from Erath (my ancestor) as he was from LaClede County, Missouri (northern Ozarks) which was mostly sympathetic to the union, though not inclined to volunteer to fight. The 20th Texas Troops record for Thomas Atwood has the notation "deserted, gone to parts unknown" in 1864. The family story is that this Thomas Atwood and his family took a trip to Mexico about 1864, which would match with that, and that grandma died on the way back and was buried near Uvalde. Ben McCulloch was involved in getting this battalion up and running. He felt like if they weren't going to fight Yankees, the least they could do was guard against Comanche attacks, and that's my understanding of what the 20th did." - 1 Feb 1864 - Hamilton, Hamilton County, Texas Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsReal Estate - Is this our Thomas Atwood? Texas, Land Title Abstracts: Grantee: Jeremiah Nabours; Certificate 53; Patentee: Thomas Atwood; 269 acres Milam District; Bell County; File 1421; Patent #414; Patent Volume 37; Class Mil 3rd - 11 Jan 1869 - Bell County, Texas Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCensus - Living in Precinct 1, Hays County, Texas: Indexed "Thomas Attwood," 48 born 1822 in Tennessee, farmer; Wife Matilda has died; Living with sons William, 20; Columbus, 18; and Ashford, 14; Living near brother William Atwood and family. - 24 Sep 1870 - Hays County, Texas Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence - Thomas filed a Mark and Brand with the Blanco County Clerk's Office - 20 Nov 1874 - Blanco County, Texas Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCensus - Living in Precinct 3; Indexed as "Tho's," age 58 born 1822 in Alabama, widower, farming and stock; Living with son Russell C., 27, farmer and daughter-in-law Amanda, 27 and grandchildren: Matilda, 5; Eugene, 2; Lafayette, 1; and Arthur, 2 mos; Brother William Atwood and family are nearby. - Jun 1880 - Callahan County, Texas Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence - In 1882 Roswell was part of Lincoln County, New Mexico; Thomas was there based on letter written to his son Russell Columbus Atwood - 12 May 1882 - Roswell, Chaves County, New Mexico Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - Age: 58 - After 12 May 1882 - Pflugerville, Travis County, Texas Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - - Round Rock, Williamson County, Texas Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Histories
    Thomas Atwood
    Thomas Atwood
    The Life and Times of Thomas Atwood
    Atwood Letter dated 27 May 1875
    Atwood Letter dated 27 May 1875

    Photos
    Thomas Atwood
    Thomas Atwood
    Photo of Thomas Atwood was originally submitted by Regina Flo Senter Pinto on Ancestry.com. It has been reworked on Photo Shop. It is unknown where the original hails from. Wanda Atwood Keith thought that it was from one of the Callahan County, Texas history books. It should be noted that this photograph appears in many places on ancestry.com…

    Albums
    Atwood
    Atwood (411)
    Atwood Family Media and Histories

  • Sources 
    1. [S2625378497] 1860 United States Federal Census, Ancestry.com, (United States of America, Bureau of the Census. Eighth Census of the United States, 1860. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1860. M653, 1), Year: 1860; Census Place: Beat 4, Erath, Texas; Roll: M653_1293; Page: 139; Image: 281.
      Source Citation: Year: 1860; Census Place: Beat 4, Erath, Texas; Roll: M653_1293; Page: 139; Image: 284; Family History Library Film: 805293.


    2. [S2624683368] 1870 United States Federal Census, (1870. United States. Ninth Census of the United States, 1870. Washington, D.C. National Archives and Records Administration. M593, RG29, 1,761 rolls. Minnesota. Minnes), Year: 1870; Census Place: , , ; Roll: M593.
      Source Citation: Year: 1870; Census Place: Precinct 1, Hays, Texas; Roll: M593_1590; Page: 191B; Image: 390; Family History Library Film: 553089.


    3. [S2624675888] 1880, (1880 U.S. Census Index ).
      Source Citation: Year: 1880; Census Place: Precinct 3, Callahan, Texas; Roll: 1294; Family History Film: 1255294; Page: 355C; Enumeration District: 177


    4. [S2685680516] Family Data Collection - Births, Edmund West, comp., (Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 2001.).
      Name: Thomas Atwood; Father: William Atwood; Mother: Elizabeth Ann Miles; Birth Date: 1822; State: SC
      Source Information: Edmund West, comp.. Family Data Collection - Births [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 2001.
      It is believed that Thomas Atwood was born in Lincoln County, Tennessee - NOT South Carolina.

    5. [S3239673384] U.S. General Land Office Records, 1796-1907, Ancestry.com, (Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 2008.Original data - United States. Bureau of Land Management, General Land Office Records. Automated Records Project; Federal Land Patents, State Volumes. Springfield, Virginia: Bureau of).
      Thomas Atwood; issue date 15 Apr 1853; 40 acres; 5th PM Meridian; State of Missouri; County of Laclede; Township 32-N; 15-W; Section; 15; Accession Number: M05390_344; No metes and bounds; Springfield Land Office; Authority: April 24, 1820: Sale-Cash Entry (3 Stat. 566); Document #12348

    6. [S4273286840] Texas, County Tax Rolls, 1846-1910.
      Thomas Atwood; 1855; Bell County, Texas; FHL Film No. 2282093

    7. [S4273286840] Texas, County Tax Rolls, 1846-1910.
      Thomas Atwood; 1860, Bell County, Texas; FHL Film No. 2282093

    8. [S30] Texas, Land Title Abstracts, 1700-2008.
      Grantee: Jeremiah Nabours; Certificate 53; Patentee: Thomas Atwood; Patent Date: 11 Jan 1869; 269 Acres; Milam District; Bell County; File 1421; Patent #414; Patent Volume 37; Mil. 3rd class