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William James Atwood

William James Atwood

Male 1792 - 1861  (68 years)

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  • Name William James Atwood  [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10
    Born 24 Aug 1792  North Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • Date of birth is from public member trees on ancestry.com - not sourced by me; U.S. Marriage database, 1850 and 1860 census seem to confirm; Probably born in Rowan County, North Carolina where parents were in 1790 census; An alternative date of birth is given - 14 August 1792 - in a book entitled: "Laclede County, Missouri - History and Families," Page 96 submitted by Lavern Stodden.
    • Who were the parents of William James Atwood? Up until now, it was assumed that the father of William James Atwood was the James Atwood who made a will in 1816 in Laurens County, South Carolina; however, fellow researcher Jett Hanna has another idea. Here is his analayis:
      "We know that William James Atwood was born in North Carolina about 1793 in North Carolina based on the 1850 and 1860 census. We also know that a James Atwood acknowledged a William Atwood as his son in his will in 1816 in Laurens County, South Carolina. A James Atwood age 15-25 appears in the 1800 census in Laurens, but without children. This would be inconsistent with this James Atwood being the father of William since William was born about 1793. The only female in the household is listed as age 10-15, and could not have been William's mother. The 1810 census also does not have any evidence of William being in James household, both male children being under 10 years old. William should have been about 17 at this point based on the 1850 census, perhaps living somewhere else. The fact remains, however, we have no census evidence that our William James Atwood was living in Laurens County or was the son of the James Atwood in the 1816 will. The will is quite consistent with the census information-there doesn't seem to have been any older son of this James Atwood. The 1810 census has one girl age 10 to 15, and a son in-law of James Atwood is listed as William Ball. Catherine Ball, who appears to be his wife and is consistent with the 1800 census info, never appears in the same county as William James Atwood. When all is said and done, I believe that William James Atwood's father could not be the James Atwood who was in Laurens County and died in 1816.
      The 1790 Census for North Carolina does have a William Atwood with 2 males under age 16, but of course this doesn't give us William James. The 1800 Census has a William Atwood in Rowan County (where there was a James in 1790). We also don't have evidence of a James Atwood in that record.
      We are running out of possibilities pretty fast...there is a William Atwood in Abbeville, SC in the 1790 census, but he seems to disappear in 1800. However, an Agness Atwood, who could be his widow, appears in the 1810 census, but none of the possible children ages fit with William James.
      Finally, consider this entry: John Atwood in Surry County, NC in 1810. John has a male in the household age 16-25 who could be William James Atwood. John Atwood appears to be between 26 and 44. Problem is-where was this family in 1790 and 1800?
      There are some other Atwoods in Northern Virginia that William James might have come out of, but those don't seem to fit our situation. There is one male in the family of Caty Atwood in 1810 who could be the right age.
      I would propose another possibility here: That while he was born in North Carolina, he moved to Tennessee after his birth and before 1800. Tennessee was formed from land ceded by North Carolina to the United States in 1789. The 1800 census for Tennessee was destroyed, as was most of the 1810 census.
      Leonard Miles' papers help make my case on the idea that the Atwood family moved to Tennessee before 1800. Miles was in the 1790 Census for South Carolina, but disappears until the 1820 census in Tennessee. His pension filing says that he moved to Sumner County, Tennessee, in 1798/99. His daughter Elizabeth, who married William James Atwood, was born in 1794. She doesn't appear in the census for 1800, either.
      So what can we do next? I would suggest that we look for Atwoods in Tennessee in the vicinity of Leonard Miles. Miles moved to Sumner County in 1798 or so. Part of Sumner County became Jackson County. We should also look in Lincoln County. Lincoln County 1820 census shows William and Elizabeth had kids under 10 years old, so they could have first met either in Jackson or Lincoln County. Checking deed records for Atwoods and Miles might give us a sense of when the families moved to Tennessee.
      I'll check into whether there are any abstracts of deeds and wills in Tennessee for this time period that might help us out. In the mean time, I am very confident that James Atwood on your tree is not William James Atwood's father.
      Possible alternate father of William James Atwood: Notes from Jett Hanna: A Thomas Atwood died in Lincoln County, Tennessee. The will is dated 1843. Thomas is on 1840 and 1830 census for Lincoln County, Tennessee. In 1830 he is next door to William Miles, and on the same page in 1840. William Miles is of an age that he could be a child of Leonard Miles, and a William Miles is listed as one of Leonard's children on your tree. Here's how I read the census images for Thomas Atwood:
      1830 census: 1 male 20 to under 30, 1 male 60 to under 70, 1 female 70 to under 80.
      1840 census: 1 male 40 to under 50, 1 male 60 to under 70, 1 female 40 to under 50.
      These dates are confusing, to say the least. I suspect one is in error, or both. 60 to under 70 in 1840 puts his birth date between 1770 and 1780. There are males on the John Atwood census record for Surry County, NC who could be both Thomas and William James.
      The text of the will is quite interesting, doesn't prove William James is his son but doesn't exclude him, either. Here is what the will says: The reason for giving my land to my son John to the exclusion of my other children is that he has always lived with me and is not calculated to make a living in the world like my other children and I therefore appoint my friend George Renegar to be guardian for my son John. Wife in Thomas Atwood's will is Nancy, she gets the rest of his property. There is a marriage in Orange County, NC between Thomas Atwood and Nancy Redding, Feb. 1, 1810. This date for marriage isn't consistent with Nancy being William's mother if he was born 1792/1793 as per later censuses. Nancy Atwood does show up in a census record for Orange County, NC as head of household, strange if this is the same Nancy who married the Thomas in Lincoln County, Tennessee. She is over 45, with a female under 10 and one 26-45. I tend to think it was a different Thomas who married this Nancy, but it could be a second marriage, I guess. But still-where was Thomas in 1820? So-could this Thomas be William James father? It's possible with either age range for the head of the household, and John could reasonably be a brother with either age. The female's ages seem off regardless if Nancy was still alive, as the will suggests. We still can't find this family definitively in the 1800 or 1810 census at this point, however. Nancy Atwood, however, is in the 1820 census in North Carolina.
      I think that a land record search in Lincoln Co, Tenn. is a good idea at the least to figure out when Thomas bought land there. Good thing is his will indicates he had 40 acres. Rather than do the Tennessee Archive land grant search, I'm going to see if there is an easy way to look for the land record in Lincoln County. I have done what checking I can online for Atwoods and Miles on tax lists for Jackson County (was Sumner and Smith, is where pension says Leonard moved.)
    Gender Male 
    Census 1800  Laurens County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location 
    During this census period only heads of household were indexed: James Atwood (Father of William James Atwood):
    Free Males 16-25 (James)
    Free White Females: 10-15 (Polly)
    One slave
    Note: there are no children listed on this census records - so one has to wonder if the 1792 birth year for William James Atwood is correct; alternatively, the enumerator could have failed to count the children.
    During this time period it was known as "the Lauren's Disrict."  
    Census 1810  Laurens District, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Father is indexed as head of house = James Atwood:
    Free white males under 10: 2 (William James and Thomas Jefferson)
    Free White Males 26-44: 1 (James)
    Free White Females under 10: 1 (Catherine)
    Free White Females 26 to 44: 1 (Mary/Polly)
    Slaves: 7


     
    Census 7 Aug 1820  Jackson County, Tennessee Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Indexed as William Atwood:
    Free White Males Under 10: 2 (Jacob and James)
    Free White Males 26 thru 44: 1 (William James)
    Free White Females Under 10: 1 (Mary/Holly or Polly)
    Free White Females 16 thru 25: 1 (Elizabeth Ann Miles Atwood)
    One person is engaged in agriculture.
    Father-in-law Leonard Miles is also in the county with his family.
     
    Real Estate 1835  Lincoln County, Tennessee Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Notes from Jett Hanna: According to the Deed Index for Lincoln County, William Atwood has three deeds on file - 2 selling land and 1 buying land. Deeds have been ordered for review. 
    Probate 1 Apr 1835  Lincoln County, Tennessee Find all individuals with events at this location 
    William James Atwood was appointed executor of his father-in-law's estate (Leonard Miles, Revolutionary War soldier).  
    Real Estate 14 Nov 1837  Crawford County, Missouri Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Purchased 40 acres in Crawford County, Missouri  
    William James Atwood
    William James Atwood
    1837 Land Grant Document
    Census 1840  Pulaski County, Missouri Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Indexed William Atwood, head of house:
    Free White Male under 5: (Francis Marion)
    Free White Males 10-14: 1 (William Francis)
    Free White Males: 15-19: 2 (Thomas and George Washington)
    Free White Male: 40-49: 1 (William James)
    Free White Female under 5: 1 (Sarah Margaret)
    Free White Females: 5-9: 1 (Martha Jane)
    Free White Females: 10-14: 2 (Elizabeth Ann and Nancy)
    Free White Female 20-29: 1 (Mary Holly or Polly)
    Free White Female: 40-49: 1 (Elizabeth Ann)
    Four people were involved in agriculture

     
    Real Estate 1 Jan 1849  Laclede County, Missouri Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Purchased 80 acres.  
    William James Atwood
    William James Atwood
    1849 Land Grant Document
    Laclede County, Missouri
    Laclede County, Missouri
    Census 1850  Laclede County, Missouri Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Indexed as William Atwood, age 57 born abt 1793 in North Carolina; living in District 45, farmer who owns land worth $500; family #155; Living with wife Elizabeth, 47 and children Martha J., 16; Sarah M., 13; William, 24 and Francis M., 11; Daughter-in-law Matilda Hough Atwood (wife of Thomas Atwood) and children live nearby.  
    Occupation 1852  Laclede County, Missouri Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Lists him as Laclede school inspector in perhaps 1852 (Page 83 of Laclede County History by Goodspeed). 
    History of Laclede County Schools
    History of Laclede County Schools
    Real Estate 15 Apr 1853  Laclede County, Missouri Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Purchased 40 acres.  
    William James Atwood
    William James Atwood
    1853 Land Grant Document
    Real Estate 1 Jun 1859  Laclede County, Missouri Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Purchased 40 acres.  
    Census 1860  Osage, Laclede County, Missouri Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Indexed as Wm. Atwood, age 67 born abt 1793 in North Carolina, nearest post office is Osage; Family #6, farmer who owns 1,000 in real estate and $500 in personal property; Living with wife Elizabeth, age 65; and son Frances M., 22, farm worker  
    Died 17 Apr 1861  Osage, Laclede County, Missouri Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • Date/location: The year of 1861 and the location of Laclede County, Missouri are provided by Lavern Stodden in a book entitled "Laclede County, Missouri: History and Families" and are not otherwise sourced by me.
    Probate After 17 Apr 1861  Laclede County, Missouri Find all individuals with events at this location 
    William James Atwood must have made a Will. He named his son-in-law William "Tree" his administrator. This is actually William Tyre/Tyree, the husband of Mary Atwood. [Estate Settlement Book A, page 163] 
    Headstones Submit Headstone Photo Submit Headstone Photo 
    Notes 
    • Lists William James Atwood as first settler on Stien (Sten's) Creek, Webster County, Missouri. (Page 360 of 1889 Laclede County History by Goodspeed.

    Person ID P259  Curbow Montoya Family | Atwood Family Branch, Curbow Family Branch
    Last Modified 25 Mar 2013 

    Father James Atwood,   d. After 17 Jan 1816, Laurens County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Mother Mary "Polly" Unknown 
    Family ID F498  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Elizabeth Ann Miles,   b. 2 Apr 1794, Fairfield District, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married 17 Nov. 1814  Lincoln County, Tennessee Find all individuals with events at this location  [11
    • Date is per U.S. and International Marriage database.
    Children 
     1. Jacob S. Atwood,   b. 1815, Tennessee Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1891  (Age 76 years)
     2. James L. Atwood,   b. 1816, Lincoln County, Tennessee Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 24 Apr 1884, Looney, Polk County, Missouri Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 68 years)
    +3. Mary Holly Atwood,   b. 8 Jan 1818, Lincoln County, Tennessee Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 30 Jan 1867, Laclede County, Missouri Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 49 years)
    +4. George Washington Atwood,   b. 8 Oct 1820, Madison County, Missouri Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 18 Jan 1894, Looney, Polk County, Missouri Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 73 years)
    +5. Thomas Atwood,   b. 20 Nov 1823, Lincoln County, Tennessee Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. After 12 May 1882, Pflugerville, Travis County, Texas Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 58 years)
    +6. William Francis Atwood,   b. 15 Aug 1825, Lincoln County, Tennessee Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 20 Feb 1900, Cottonwood, Callahan, Texas Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 74 years)  []
     7. Nancy Atwood,   b. 8 Oct 1827, Lincoln County, Tennessee Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1900, California Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 72 years)
    +8. Elizabeth Ann Atwood,   b. 23 Sep 1831, Lincoln County, Tennessee Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1878, Texas/Wright County line, Missouri Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 46 years)  []
    +9. Martha Jane Atwood,   b. 10 Nov 1832, Lincoln County, Tennessee Find all individuals with events at this location  []
    +10. Sarah Margaret Atwood,   b. 9 Feb 1836, Lincoln County, Tennessee Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1895, Oklahoma Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 58 years)
     11. Francis Marion "Frank" Atwood,   b. 8 Jul 1838, Lebanon, Cooper County, Missouri Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1863, Laclede County, Missouri Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 24 years)  []
    Last Modified 1 Sep 2011 06:18:47 
    Family ID F496  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 24 Aug 1792 - North Carolina Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCensus - During this census period only heads of household were indexed: James Atwood (Father of William James Atwood): Free Males 16-25 (James) Free White Females: 10-15 (Polly) One slave Note: there are no children listed on this census records - so one has to wonder if the 1792 birth year for William James Atwood is correct; alternatively, the enumerator could have failed to count the children. During this time period it was known as "the Lauren's Disrict." - 1800 - Laurens County, South Carolina Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 17 Nov. 1814 - Lincoln County, Tennessee Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCensus - Indexed as William Atwood: Free White Males Under 10: 2 (Jacob and James) Free White Males 26 thru 44: 1 (William James) Free White Females Under 10: 1 (Mary/Holly or Polly) Free White Females 16 thru 25: 1 (Elizabeth Ann Miles Atwood) One person is engaged in agriculture. Father-in-law Leonard Miles is also in the county with his family. - 7 Aug 1820 - Jackson County, Tennessee Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsReal Estate - Notes from Jett Hanna: According to the Deed Index for Lincoln County, William Atwood has three deeds on file - 2 selling land and 1 buying land. Deeds have been ordered for review. - 1835 - Lincoln County, Tennessee Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsProbate - William James Atwood was appointed executor of his father-in-law's estate (Leonard Miles, Revolutionary War soldier). - 1 Apr 1835 - Lincoln County, Tennessee Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsReal Estate - Purchased 40 acres in Crawford County, Missouri - 14 Nov 1837 - Crawford County, Missouri Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCensus - Indexed William Atwood, head of house: Free White Male under 5: (Francis Marion) Free White Males 10-14: 1 (William Francis) Free White Males: 15-19: 2 (Thomas and George Washington) Free White Male: 40-49: 1 (William James) Free White Female under 5: 1 (Sarah Margaret) Free White Females: 5-9: 1 (Martha Jane) Free White Females: 10-14: 2 (Elizabeth Ann and Nancy) Free White Female 20-29: 1 (Mary Holly or Polly) Free White Female: 40-49: 1 (Elizabeth Ann) Four people were involved in agriculture - 1840 - Pulaski County, Missouri Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsReal Estate - Purchased 80 acres. - 1 Jan 1849 - Laclede County, Missouri Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCensus - Indexed as William Atwood, age 57 born abt 1793 in North Carolina; living in District 45, farmer who owns land worth $500; family #155; Living with wife Elizabeth, 47 and children Martha J., 16; Sarah M., 13; William, 24 and Francis M., 11; Daughter-in-law Matilda Hough Atwood (wife of Thomas Atwood) and children live nearby. - 1850 - Laclede County, Missouri Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsOccupation - Lists him as Laclede school inspector in perhaps 1852 (Page 83 of Laclede County History by Goodspeed). - 1852 - Laclede County, Missouri Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsReal Estate - Purchased 40 acres. - 15 Apr 1853 - Laclede County, Missouri Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsReal Estate - Purchased 40 acres. - 1 Jun 1859 - Laclede County, Missouri Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCensus - Indexed as Wm. Atwood, age 67 born abt 1793 in North Carolina, nearest post office is Osage; Family #6, farmer who owns 1,000 in real estate and $500 in personal property; Living with wife Elizabeth, age 65; and son Frances M., 22, farm worker - 1860 - Osage, Laclede County, Missouri Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 17 Apr 1861 - Osage, Laclede County, Missouri Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsProbate - William James Atwood must have made a Will. He named his son-in-law William "Tree" his administrator. This is actually William Tyre/Tyree, the husband of Mary Atwood. [Estate Settlement Book A, page 163] - After 17 Apr 1861 - Laclede County, Missouri Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Albums
    Atwood
    Atwood (411)
    Atwood Family Media and Histories

  • Sources 
    1. [S2718256148] 1800 United States Federal Census, (United States of America, Bureau of the Census. Second Census of the United States, 1800. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1800. M32, 52).
      Source Citation: Year: 1800; Census Place: , Laurens District, South Carolina; Roll: 50; Page: 28; Image: 62; Family History Library Film: 181425.

    2. [S2718253649] 1810 United States Federal Census, (United States of America, Bureau of the Census. Third Census of the United States, 1810. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1810. M252, 71).
      Source Citation: Year: 1810; Census Place: , Laurens, South Carolina; Roll: 61; Page: 305; Family History Number: 0181420; Image: 00068.

    3. [S2884009262] 1820 United States Federal Census, Ancestry.com, (United States of America, Bureau of the Census. Fourth Census of the United States, 1820. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1820. M33, 14), Year: 1820; Census Place: , Lincoln, Tennessee; Roll: M33_123; Page: 275; Image: 101.
      Source Citation: 1820 U S Census: , Jackson, Tennessee, Page: 275; NARA Roll: M33_123; Image: 145.

    4. [S2720518517] 1840 United States Federal Census, (United States of America, Bureau of the Census. Sixth Census of the United States, 1840. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1840. M704, 58), Year: 1840; Census Place: , Pulaski, Missouri; Roll: 229; Page: 207.
      Source Citation: Year: 1840; Census Place: , Pulaski, Missouri; Roll: 229; Page: 207; Image: 421; Family History Library Film: 0014857.

    5. [S2625403972] 1850 United States Federal Census, Ancestry.com, (United States of America, Bureau of the Census. Seventh Census of the United States, 1850. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1850. M432, ), Year: 1850; Census Place: District 45, Laclede, Missouri; Roll: M432_403; Page: 127; Image: 254.
      Source Citation: Year: 1850; Census Place: District 45, Laclede, Missouri; Roll: M432_403; Page: 127A; Image: 258.

    6. [S2625378497] 1860 United States Federal Census, Ancestry.com, (United States of America, Bureau of the Census. Eighth Census of the United States, 1860. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1860. M653, 1), Year: 1860; Census Place: Osage, Laclede, Missouri; Roll: M653_627; Page: 0; Image: 298.
      Source Citation: Year: 1860; Census Place: Osage, Laclede, Missouri; Roll: M653_627; Page: 298; Image: 301; Family History Library Film: 803627.

    7. [S3239673384] U.S. General Land Office Records, 1796-1907, Ancestry.com, (Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 2008.Original data - United States. Bureau of Land Management, General Land Office Records. Automated Records Project; Federal Land Patents, State Volumes. Springfield, Virginia: Bureau of).
      Indexed as William J. Atwood; 14 Nov. 1837; Missouri; 40 acres; Accession No. MO3450_.338; Land Office - Jackson; Doc. No. 4781

    8. [S3239673384] U.S. General Land Office Records, 1796-1907, Ancestry.com, (Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 2008.Original data - United States. Bureau of Land Management, General Land Office Records. Automated Records Project; Federal Land Patents, State Volumes. Springfield, Virginia: Bureau of).
      Indexed as William Atwood; 1 Jan 1894; Missouri; 80 acres; Accession No. MO5330_.444; Land Office - Springfield; Document No. 9496.

    9. [S3239673384] U.S. General Land Office Records, 1796-1907, Ancestry.com, (Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 2008.Original data - United States. Bureau of Land Management, General Land Office Records. Automated Records Project; Federal Land Patents, State Volumes. Springfield, Virginia: Bureau of).
      Indexed as William Atwood; 15 Apr 1853; Missouri; 40 acres; Accession No. MO5390_.343; Land Office Springfield; Document No. 12347

    10. [S3239673384] U.S. General Land Office Records, 1796-1907, Ancestry.com, (Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 2008.Original data - United States. Bureau of Land Management, General Land Office Records. Automated Records Project; Federal Land Patents, State Volumes. Springfield, Virginia: Bureau of).
      Indexed as William Atwood; 1 Jun 1859; Missouri; 40 acres; Accession No. MO5620_.313; Land Office Springfield; Document 24688

    11. [S2627697652] U.S. and International Marriage Records, 1560-1900, Yates Publishing, (Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 2004.Original data - This unique collection of records was extracted from a variety of sources including family group sheets and electronic databases. Originally, the information was deriv), Source number: 1910.020; Source type: Family group sheet, FGSE, listed as parents; Number of Pages: 1; Submitter Code: .
      Source Citation: Source number: 1910.020; Source type: Family group sheet, FGSE, listed as parents; Number of Pages: 1; Submitter Code: .